The Valposchiavo is culturally and morphologically a side valley of Italy’s Valtellina. We speak the same language and eat the same cuisine as our Italian neighbours. These similarities perhaps make it all the more curious that Valposchiavo separated itself from the Bishopric of Como in 1408 and joined the ‘League of God’s House’ union under the Bishopric of Chur.
Valposchiavo played an important role in transalpine commerce from the 14th century onwards, particularly during the occupation of Valtellina by Graubünden in 1512-1797. The Bernina Pass was one of the main trade routes to the north for the popular Valtellina wine, and today the Via Valtellina culture trail follows the traditional paths over which mule trains once carried it.
The chapel of San Romerio is over 1000 years old. It was built on the Alp of the same name and sits high above Lake Poschiavo. It enjoys an unusual ecclesiastical status because, although it answers to the Swiss diocese of Chur in canonical matters, a 1517 papal decree gave the building to the Italian Municipality of Tirano.
Due to innovation and the pioneering efforts of local farmers, 95% of our farmland in Valposchiavo currently produces organic products certified by Bio-Suisse. Valposchiavo stands alone in this area – worldwide!
The Swiss communes on the DOPPIA W course
In 2008 UNESCO designated the Rhaetian Railway’s Albula-Bernina line as a World Heritage Landscape. With its spectacular railway architecture, deep gorges, icy glaciers and Mediterranean climate, the interaction between railway, landscape and the population presents a unique experience. The Rhaetian Railway (RhB) in the Albula-Bernina Landscape traverses what is perhaps the most beautiful of all the alpine crossings – an ideal way to experience the Alps.